FROM The Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison
We were passing a collection of shacks and log cabins now, bleached white and warped by the weather. Sun-tortured shingles lay on the roofs like decks of water-soaked cards spread out to dry. The houses consisted of two square rooms joined together by a common floor and roof with a porch in between. As we passed we could look through to the fields beyond. I stopped the car at his excited command in front of a house set off from the rest.
“Is that a log cabin?”
It was an old cabin with its chinks filled with chalk-white clay, with bright new shingles patching its roof. Suddenly I was sorry that I had blundered down this road. I recognized the place as soon as I saw the group of children in stiff new overalls who played near a rickety fence.
“Yes, sir. It is a log cabin,” I said.
It was the cabin of Jim Trueblood, a sharecropper who had brought disgrace upon the black community. Several months before he had caused quite a bit of outrage up at the school, and now his name was never mentioned above a whisper. Even before that he had seldom come near the campus but had been well liked as a hard worker who took good care of his family’s needs, and as one who told the old stories with a sense of humor and a magic that made them come alive. He was also a good tenor singer, and sometimes when special white guests visited the school he was brought up along with the members of a country quartet to sing what the officials called “their primitive spirituals” when we assembled in the chapel on Sunday evenings. We were embarrassed by the earthy harmonies they sang, but since the visitors were awed we dared not laugh at the crude, high, plaintively animal sounds Jim Trueblood made as he led the quartet. That had all passed now with his disgrace, and what on the part of the school officials had been an attitude of contempt blunted by tolerance, had now become a contempt sharpened by hate. I didn’t understand in those pre-invisible days that their hate, and mine too, was charged with fear. How all of us at the college hated the black-belt people, the “peasants,” during those days! We were trying to lift them up and they, like Trueblood, did everything it seemed to pull us down.
“It appears quite old,” Mr. Norton said, looking across the bare, hard stretch of yard where two women dressed in new blue-and-white checked ginghams were washing clothes in an iron pot. The pot was soot-black and the feeble flames that licked its sides showed pale pink and bordered with black, like flames in mourning. Both women moved with the weary, full-fronted motions of far-gone pregnancy.
“It is, sir,” I said. “That one and the other two like it were built during slavery times.”
“You don’t say! I would never have believed that they were so enduring. Since slavery times!”
“That’s true, sir. And the white family that owned the land when it was a big plantation still lives in town.”
“Yes,” he said, “I know that many of the old families still survive. And individuals too, the human stock goes on, even though it degenerates. But these cabinsl” He seemed surprised and confounded.
“Do you suppose those women know anything about the age and history of the place? The older one looks as though she might.”
“I doubt it, sir. They — they don’t seem very bright.”
“Bright?” he said, removing his cigar. “You mean that they wouldn’t talk with me?” he asked suspiciously.
“Yes, sir. That’s it.”
I didn’t want to explain. It made me feel ashamed, but he sensed that I knew something and pressed me.
“It’s not very nice, sir. But I don’t think those women would talk to us.”
“We can explain that we’re from the school. Surely they’ll talk then. You may tell them who I am.”
“Yes, sir,” I said, “but they hate us up at the school. They never come there . . .”
“And those children along the fence down there?”
“They don’t either, sir.”
“I don’t really know, sir. Quite a few folks out this way don’t, though. I guess they’re too ignorant. They’re not interested.”
“But I can’t believe it.”
The children had stopped playing and now looked silently at the car, their arms behind their backs and their new over-sized overalls pulled tight over their little pot bellies as though they too were pregnant.
“What about their men folk?”
I hesitated. Why did he find this so strange?
“He hates us, sir,” I said.
“You say he; aren’t both the women married?”
I caught my breath. I’d made a mistake. “The old one is, sir,” I said reluctantly.
“What happened to the young woman’s husband?”
“She doesn’t have any — That is . . . I –”
“What is it, young man? Do you know these people?”
“Only a little, sir. There was some talk about them up on the campus a while back.”
“Well, the young woman is the old woman’s daughter . . .”
“Well, sir, they say . . . you see . . . I mean they say the daughter doesn’t have a husband.”
“Oh, I see. But that shouldn’t be so strange. I understand that your people — Never mind! Is that all?”
“Well, sir . . .”
“Yes, what else?”
“They say that her father did it.”
“Yes, sir . . . that he gave her the baby.”
I heard the sharp intake of breath, like a toy balloon suddenly deflated. His face reddened. I was confused, feeling shame for the two women and fear that I had talked too much and offended his sensibilities.
“And did anyone from the school investigate this matter?” he asked at last.
“Yes, sir,” I said.
“What was discovered?”
“That it was true — they say.”
“But how does he explain his doing such a — a — such a monstrous thing?”
He sat back in the seat, his hands grasping his knees, his knuckles bloodless. I looked away, down the heat-dazzling concrete of the highway. I wished we were back on the other side of the white line, heading back to the quiet green stretch of the campus.
“It is said that the man took both his wife and his daughter?”
“And that he is the father of both their children?”
“No, no, no!”
He sounded as though he were in great pain. I looked at him anxiously. What had happened? What had I said?
“Not that! No . . .” he said, with something like horror.
I saw the sun blaze upon the new blue overalls as the man appeared around the cabin. His shoes were tan and new and he moved easily over the hot earth. He was a small man and he covered the yard with a familiarity that would have allowed him to walk in the blackest darkness with the same certainty. He came and said something to the women as he fanned himself with a blue bandanna handkerchief. But they appeared to regard him sullenly, barely speaking, and hardly looking in his direction.
“Would that be the man?” Mr. Norton asked.
“Yes, sir. I think so.”
“Get out!” he cried. “I must talk with him.”
I was unable to move. I felt surprise and a dread and resentment of what he might say to Trueblood and his women, the questions he might ask. Why couldn’t he leave them alone!